Why are concussions so hard to detect?
Interview: Jill Ditmire, Field Producer.
Julie Gilchrist, M.D., pediatrician and medical epidemiologist , CDC injuries center.
Joseph O’Neill, M.D., pediatrician, Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention over 200,000 young children go to the emergency room for traumatic brain injuries and concussions each year. Concussions are caused when a jolt to the body causes the brain to move. Julie Gilchrist, M.D., compares the brain to the yolk of an egg and the rest of the body to the shell, “you can break the yolk without ever damaging the shell.” Concussions can occur without any physical symptoms and do not show up on any type of scan or x-ray. The only proven treatment for a concussion is rest. Symptoms of a concussion include dizziness, blurred vision, nausea, and sleep related disturbances. Joseph O’Neill, M.D., a pediatrician at Riley Hospital for Children in Indianapolis, recommends that physicians and parents develop an individualized recovery approach for children with concussions.